Korea has the glorious documentary cultural heritage including Annals of the Joseon Dynasty, Memory of the World, from old times. But We had been felt into serious situation, it is very difficult to find some records of late years, through rapid changes of society in modern history. Fortunately, in 1999, “law of archives management in public sector” was enacted but It is some difficult to apply to field. Accordingly, We studied archives laws and record management systems, education systems in Japan and China, neighborhood countries and compared them with Korea's. Life cycle of Gathering, Managing, Using records & archives is reflected in China's archives law, “Dangan” and It is useful to referred to Korea. On the other hand, Japan and Korea's archives law focus on administering and capturing records and archives. In case of Management agency of archives, China has a linear managing system from state to regional agency and Japan and Korea have different system in State and Region. We recommend following items ; reform archives law, status of goverment archives, professional education and arrangement etc.
기록관리의 관행과 법률은 각 국가가 가진 다양한 역사와 전통에 따라 다양하며 그 국가가 처한 특수한 상황에 따라 달라지기도 한다. 본 글에서는 역사적으로는 비교적 짧지만 기록관리에서는 선진국인 미국과 캐나다의 기록관리체제를 기록관리 관련법령, 기록관리기구측면에서 살펴보고자 한다. 그리고 중앙의 기록관리기관을 중심으로 기록물 수집, 분류목록, 열람 및 이용체제에 대해 살펴보고자 한다. 마지막으로 미국과 캐나다에서 기록관리 전문인력의 양성제도와 기록관리사의 지위에 대해 살펴보고자 한다.
Archives managements practices and laws are different according to various histories and traditions of nations. And it depends on a various of specific conditions of each nation. This paper reviews each laws, regulations, and organization concerned with archives managements of America and Canada that lead in archives managements, although they have relatively short histories. And this paper reviews acquisitions, classification and cataloging, and user access of archives in central archives management institutions. Finally, it reviews education system and professional positions of archivists in America and Canada.