기록학에서 집단 기억, 사회적 기억에 대한 관심이 높아지고 있으나, 아직 그 이론적 배경을 고찰한 연구는 많지 않다. 기억이 가지는 포괄성이 기록이 가지는 제한된 역사기술을 보완할 수 있다는 점에서 서구의 많은 학자들은 아키비스트가 문자화된 기록뿐만 아니라 도처에 만연해 있는 기억을 수집해야 한다고 주장한다. 아키비스트의 사회적 역할에는 공유되고 전승되는 기억을 통해 한 시대를 살고 있는 사람들의 모습을 재구성해야 함이 포함된다. 기억이 가지는 사회적 특성은 주류문화 위주 기록문화의 한계성에 도전하고, 비주류문화, 비기록문화의 역사를 포함하고 전승하도록 한다. 이러한 기억의 담론에서 아키비스트는 기록관에 수집하고 보존할 역사의 내용이 문자화된 지배집단의 기록에만 한정할지, 소외받고 배제되는 사회집단을 포함할 것인지 결정하는 역사의 중요한 권력자다. 본 연구에서는 기억에 대한 이론적 배경을 고찰하고, 역사와 기록이 기억의 담론에서 어떻게 인식되고 설명되는지 살펴본다. 결론에 갈음하여, 기억의 담론에서 기록관과 아키비스트의 역할을 논의한다.
In archival discourse, social memory has been discussed for some time. Despite this, however, theoretical studies have not been prolific at all in the Korean archival community. Many Western scholars have argued that archivists should consider memory rather than records for archival preservation because the inclusiveness of the former will fill the gaps in the latter. Social memory that is shared and transmitted across generations in society would include the stories of marginalized groups of people who are often neglected in official documents. Archivists can reconstruct the diverse narratives of a variety of social groups based on social memory, and this would be their social responsibility. In this sense, it is archivists who exercise power regarding how history will be written in the future because they determine what would be preserved in archives: mainstream culture with official records or a broader spectrum of diverse stories of people in society. From this perspective, this paper intends to understand how memory is discussed in archival discourse and to review how archives and history are associated with memory in theories and practices.
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