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P-ISSN : 1598-1487 E-ISSN : 2671-1487

미국 국무부의 외교사료집 편찬과 기록학적 쟁점

Compilation of the Foreign Relations of the United States Series and the Archival Issues

이상민 (한국국가기록연구원)
https://doi.org/10.14404/JKSARM.2013.13.1.159

초록

이 연구는 외교사료집의 편찬에서 나타나는 기록학적 쟁점을 미국의 외교사료집(FRUS)이 발간되는 역사적 과정을 통해 분석한다. 그러한 기록학적 쟁점에는 기록의 이용의 한 방법인 외교사료집 편찬의 목적과 의의, 비밀 외교기록의 해제와 공개 활용 문제, 국가안보 정보의 보호와 외교정책의 설명책임성 제공 간의 균형 모색, 외교사 편찬의 공정성의 문제, 그리고 역사기록 편찬의 방법과 원칙 등을 들 수 있다. 본 연구에서는 FRUS 시리즈에 관해서 네 가지 주제를 분석한다. 첫째, FRUS의 출판 내용과 맥락을 살펴본다. 둘째, FRUS 시리즈의 발전에 큰 영향을 준 주요한 전환기에 나타났던 정치적, 기록학적 쟁점에 대한 논의를 소개하고 분석한다. 셋째, 역사기록 선별과 비밀해제를 포함한 FRUS 시리즈 편찬의 업무절차와 편찬 원칙을 개관한다. 넷째, FRUS의 적시 출판에 지장을 준 국가안보기관의 비밀기록에 관한 접근 및 비밀해제의 절차와 현황에 대해서 살펴본다.

Abstract

This study traces the evolution of the compilation of foreign relations of the United States series and analyzes its archival issues from its historical development. The study examines the purposes of publishing the compilations of the diplomatic documents, an issue of making a balance between secrecy for national security and accountability of diplomacy, neutrality in compiling historical materials, and methods and principles of the compilation. To analyze these records issues, the study examines the contents and contexts of the compilation, historical evolution of the compilation, and the political and records issues of the compilation in the U.S. political history. The declassification issue for the historical compilation was also examined because the issue was a major obstacle to the timely publication of FRUS.

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