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  • P-ISSN1598-1487
  • E-ISSN2671-1487
검색어: service standards, 검색결과: 12
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기록관은 이용자의 다양한 요구에 따라 변화하여 왔다. 초창기 기록관에서의 업무 수행은 자료의 수집 및 보존에 치중되었지만, 지금은 자료의 보존 뿐 아니라 활용에 대하여 많은 관심을 갖고 있다. 따라서 기록관들은 이용자 중심의 적극적 서비스를 제공하기 위하여 많은 노력을 기울이고 있다. 본 연구에서는 중앙기록물 관리기관인 국가기록원에서 2005년 서비스혁신팀을 신설하여 지난 2년간 수행한 각종 서비스 프로그램을 소개하고 이와 병행하여 선진기록국인 미국립기록관리청, 영국 기록관리청에서 수행하는 기록정보 서비스 내용을 소개하여 향후 벤치마킹을 할 수 있도록 하였다. 아울러 새로운 이용자를 창출하기 위한 서비스 프로그램 영역의 확대와 기록홍보의 중요성을 제언하면서 선진기록관의 기록정보 서비스 표준지침을 수록하여 국내 기록관련 유관기관의 향후 기록정보 서비스 정책을 수립하는데 기초 자료로 제시하였다.

Abstract

Archival organizations have been evolving to varying users' needs. The main functional focus of earlier archival organizations has inclined to collection and preservation of data, but their current interests expand to utilization of the data collected. Therefore, today's archival organizations endeavor to procure user-oriented archival information service. This study highlights the programs initiated in last two years by ‘Service Innovation Team', a special task force of National Archives of Korea organized in 2005, and presents comparative analysis of those programs with respect to the existing archival systems of National Archives and Records Administration of USA and The National Archives in UK. Additionally, the study, while emphasizing the importance of enlarging and diversifying service programs as well as promoting public awareness over archive resources, introduces the service standards of advanced nations as benchmarks for future archival service policies of pertinent organizations.

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김세영(명지대학교 기록정보과학전문대학원) ; 이해영(명지대학교) 2018, Vol.18, No.2, pp.135-161 https://doi.org/10.14404/JKSARM.2018.18.2.135
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이 연구는 기초자치단체의 공무원을 기록과 기록정보서비스의 핵심적인 이용자로 인식하고, 주이용자의 요구에 부합하는 기록과 서비스를 제공하기 위하여 이들의 기록이용행태와 기록에 관한 요구사항을 파악하고자 하였다. 이를 위해서 정보공개청구를 통해 획득한 2017년 3분기 동안의 기록관 및 표준기록관리시스템(표준RMS)의 이용 빈도 자료를 바탕으로 기록 이용 횟수와 기록을 많이 이용하는 상위 부서를 확인하였다. 다음으로, 수도권 기초자치단체 공무원을 대상으로 설문을 수행하여, 일반적인 기록의 이용행태, 기록관리시스템의 이용 및 기록관 이용에 대한 의견을 수렴하였다. 이를 바탕으로 기초자치단체 기록관 운영 측면, 기록관리시스템 측면, 기록서비스 측면에서의 개선사항을 제시하였다.

Abstract

This study recognized the public servants of the local governments as the principal users of the records centers. It also attempted to identify their records usage behavior and the requirements of record usage so that records and services that meet their needs as the main users would be met. Therefore, the researchers identified through an information disclosure request the highly ranked departments that use records more than the others based on their usage frequency of the records centers and the standard records management system (standard RMS) during the third quarter of 2017. A questionnaire survey was subsequently conducted to the public servants of the local governments in the metropolitan area. The questionnaire identified the users’ opinion on general usage behavior, usage of standard RMS, and usage of the records center. Based on the survey results, improvements in the management of the records centers the record management system, and the record services of the local governments were suggested.

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기록물 기술은 기록관리 전문가의 창작과 편집 과정이며, 그 결과로 생산된 기록 레코드는 이용자가 기록을 효과적으로 이용하기 위한 밑거름이 된다. 그리고 기록물 기술을 위해 보급되는 다양한 기술 표준은 기록 레코드의 내용과 구조를 규정하는 중요한 도구에 해당된다. 본 연구에서는 기록물 기술표준의 특징을 데이터 모형의 구조 측면에서 분석하고, 기록물 기술표준인 ISAD(G)와 문화자원 분야의 도메인 온톨로지인 CIDOC CRM을 시범적으로 연계하였다. 연계에 앞서 ISAD(G)를 데이터 구조 측면에서 분석했으며, 분석 결과를 CIDOC CRM에 맵핑하였고, 연계 플랫폼으로는 KARMA를 활용하였다. 그 결과 온톨로지 기반의 맵핑 방식에 대한 이해와 이벤트 기반 CIDOC CRM에 대한 인식 제고 및 CRM 연계온톨로지의 개발, ISAD(G)의 기존 기술요소 값에 대한 재구조화가 필요하다는 판단을 하였다.

Abstract

Archival description is considered as a creation and curation process, and the results of the descriptive records can be used for archival information service. Therefore, various archival descriptive standards provide essential guidelines for establishing a semantic and synthetic structure of the archival records. In this study, the structural aspects of the archival descriptive standards were analyzed and an experimental mapping between General International Standard Archival Description (ISAD(G)), the archival standard, and CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model (CIDOC CRM), the domain ontology of cultural heritage field was performed. The data structure of ISAD(G) is examined in advance and mapping was performed using Karma as a platform. It was thus concluded that there is a need to understand the ontology-based mapping method and the event-focused domain ontology. Moreover, developing a CIDOC CRM-compatible archival ontology and restructuring the legacy ISAD(G) are needed.

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본 연구의 목적은 문화유산 관련 기관에서 개별적으로 관리하고 있는 문화유산 정보자원을 보다 일반인에게 쉽게 접근하고 활용성을 높일 수 있는 문화유산 아카이브 통합 서비스 방안을 제시하는데 있다. 이를 위해 본 연구는 국내 문화유산을 관리, 보존하고 있는 문화재청 소속기관의 아카이브 현황을 분석하고 활용가치가 높은 문화유산 정보자원의 통합 서비스를 위해 다중개체 모형의 문화유산 메타데이터 모델을 제안하고 국내외 데이터 연계 모델 표준의 적용가능성을 검토하였다.

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This study aims to suggest the ways of integrated services for Cultural Heritage Archives that belong to the Cultural Heritage Administration. To this end, the study analyzed the archives of major affiliated organizations of the Cultural Heritage Administration that manage and preserve Korean cultural assets. A cultural asset metadata based on the multiple entity model and applicable data link model standard was suggested for the integrated service of high-value–added cultural heritage information resources.

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This study aims for the above mentioned. After all, through the analysis of Electronic Question/Answering Function to understand a user’s demand under online circumstances, groping for the method to provide an appropriate Archival Information Service is the most important thing. For this, in this study, it researched the users interviews and the research related to users as a precedence study, and the studies having examined the state of demanding information by users through analyzing the e-mail actually. Additionally, by looking over the study of Library and Information Science that is activated in a field of Electronic Question/Answering Function rather than Archival Science, as a matter of fact, the study has come up with the standard for analyzing Electronic Question/Answering Function. And based on the precedence study, the instances for the National Archives from USA, England, Australia and Canada were analyzed, and the chance of activating Archival Information Service were tried to grope for in the study. This study might be one of methodologies in examining the users study that is not activated yet in Archival Science. Therefore, the users study can be carried out in various methods as well as Electronic Archives/Answering Service. This study might be the important information in providing far better Archival Information Services. It is desirable that based on this opportunity, the study related to the various users by examining not only Electronic Archives/Answering Function but also Question/Answering of the users and the Archivists in the filed to the larger extend will be activated for Archival Science.

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이 연구는 구술사 현장에서 최근 이슈로 부각되고 있는 개인정보법과 관련된 쟁점을 보다 구체적으로 파악하고, 구술사학계와 아카이브즈의 대응방안을 마련하기 위한 것이다. 개인정보법은 헌법상의 사생활의 비밀과 자유에 대한 보호와 개인정보자기결정권을 보장하여 개인의 존엄과 가치를 구현하기 위한 것이다. 구술자료는 살아있는 사람을 대상으로 하는 것으로, 구술자와 구술의 대상으로 등장하는 인물의 인격을 보호하기 위해서는 엄격한 윤리적인 기준이 필요하다. 그러나 개인정보법을 일률적으로 적용하였을 경우에는 지나치게 까다롭고 실현하기 불가능한 동의와 고지를 그 요건으로 하고 있어 구술자료의 수집과 서비스를 불가능하도록 만드는 요인이 되고 있다. 개인정보법의 기계적이고 엄격한 적용은 구술자료의 고유한 내재적 가치를 훼손하고 진본성 유지를 어렵게 만드는 측면이 있어서 온당하지 못하다. 이러한 문제의 해결을 위해서는 개인정보법 제58조 제4항의 신속한 개정이 필요하다. 아울러 구술사 자체의 독자적인 윤리적인 기준의 수립, 그 가운데에서도 특히 제3자 인격권의 보호를 위한 가이드라인의 수립이 필요하다.

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The purpose of this study is to understand issues related to the Personal Information Act recently emerging in the field of oral history, and to prepare countermeasures for oral history academics and archives. The Personal Information Act is intended to protect the confidentiality and freedom of the constitutional privacy, and to assure the right to self-determination of information, thereby realizing the dignity and value of the individual. Oral history is intended for living persons; therefore, strict ethical standards are needed to protect the morality of the person behind the sound recordings and appears as the subject of oral history. However, if the uniform application of the Personal Information Act is made, it is a requirement to make the process of consenting and notifying excessively complex and almost impossible to realize, making collection and service of oral history resource improbable. The mechanical and strict application of the Personal Information Act does not come into being because it has the aspect of undermining the inherent intrinsic value of oral history resources and making it difficult to maintain the authenticity of the records. To solve these problems, it is necessary to revise Article 58 (4) of the Personal Information Act of Korea. In addition, it is necessary to establish a guideline for the establishment of independent ethical standards of oral history itself, especially for the protection of the moral rights of third parties.

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4차 산업혁명의 기반으로서 블록체인은 다양한 산업에서 신성장 동력을 만들어내는 중요한 핵심 인프라이면서 기술로 자리를 잡아가고 있다. 세계적으로 블록체인에 대한 관심이 기업과 기관의 환경으로 빠르게 확산되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 블록체인 기술의 특성 및 동향을 조사 및 정리하고 공공기관 기록관리부분에 블록체인 기술의 적용이 필요한지 알아보았으며 공공기관의 기록관리분야의 구축절차 및 구축방법을 문헌으로 연구하였다. 최종적으로 기록물관리분야에 블록체인 기술을 적용하여 아카이브체인(Archivechain)모델을 제안하고 어떠한 기대가 예상되는지 기술하고자 하였다. 전자문서의 기록관리 과정을 기록한 트랜잭션이 블록체인에 탑재되게 되면 단편적으로 비연계되었던 기록관리 표준업무 처리 과정에 모든 단계 정보를 한 번에 확인 할 수 있다. 전자기록관리시스템에 블록체인기능이 탑재된다면 문서를 획득․등록하여 문서를 생산한 자가 메타데이터 및 정보를 입력한 후 모든 내용을 저장하고 분류한다. 그렇게 되면 생산현황보고의 절차가 간결하게 될 것이고 원문정보공개서비스를 통해 실시간으로 정보를 제공할 수 있다. 아카이브체인(Archivechain)은 전자문서생산시스템과 기록관리시스템이 일체되었다는 가정하에 하이퍼레저 플랫폼을 적용하여 BaaS형 클라우드 인프라를 적용한 모델이다. 스마트하고 전자 정부로 진보하는 기록관리 체계를 만들기 위해 공공 기록물관리의 모든 생애주기에 블록체인에 배치함으로써 흩어져 있는 정보를 하나로 모을 수 있는 문제를 해결 할 수 있다.

Abstract

As the foundation for the Fourth Industrial Revolution, blockchain is becoming an essential core infrastructure and technology that creates new growth engines in various industries and is rapidly spreading to the environment of businesses and institutions worldwide. In this study, the characteristics and trends of blockchain technology were investigated and arranged, its application to the records management section of public institutions was required, and the procedures and methods of construction in the records management field of public institutions were studied in literature. Finally, blockchain technology was applied to the records management to propose an archive chain model and describe possible expectations. When the transactions that record the records management process of electronic documents are loaded into the blockchain, all the step information can be checked at once in the activity of processing the records management standard tasks that were fragmentarily nonlinked. If a blockchain function is installed in the electronic records management system, the person who produces the document by acquiring and registering the document enters the metadata and information, as well as stores and classifies all contents. This would simplify the process of reporting the production status and provide real-time information through the original text information disclosure service. Archivechain is a model that applies a cloud infrastructure as a backend as a service (BaaS) by applying a hyperledger platform based on the assumption that an electronic document production system and a records management system are integrated. Creating a smart, electronic system of the records management is the solution to bringing scattered information together by placing all life cycles of public records management in a blockchain.

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This study investigates the current preservation and management of four records and documentary heritage in Korea that is in the UNESCO's Memory of the World Register. The study analyzes their problems and corresponding solutions in digitizing those world records heritages. This study also reviews additional four documentary books in Korea that are in the wish list to add to UNESCO's Memory of the World Register. This study is organized as the following: Chapter 2 examines the value and meanings of world records and documentary heritage in Korea. The registry requirements and procedures of UNESCO's Memory of the World Register are examined. The currently registered records of Korea include Hunmin-Chongum, the Annals of the Choson Dynasty, the Diaries of the Royal Secretariat (Seungjeongwon Ilgi), and Buljo- Jikji-Simche-Yojeol (vol. Ⅱ). These records heritage's worth and significance are carefully analyzed. For example, Hunmin-Chongum(「訓民正音」) is consisted of unique and systematic letters. Letters were delicately explained with examples in its original manual at the time of letter's creation, which is an unparalleled case in the world documentary history. The Annals of the Choson Dynasty(「朝鮮王朝實錄」) are the most comprehensive historic documents that contain the longest period of time in history. Their truthfulness and reliability in describing history give credits to the annals. The Royal Secretariat Diary (called Seungjeongwon-Ilgi(「承政院日記」)) is the most voluminous primary resources in history, superior to the Annals of Choson Dynasty and Twenty Five Histories in China. Jikji(「直指」) is the oldest existing book published by movable metal print sets in the world. It evidences the beginning of metal printing in the world printing history and is worthy of being as world heritage. The review of the four registered records confirms that they are valuable world documentary heritage that transfers culture of mankind to next generations and should be preserved carefully and safely without deterioration or loss. Chapter 3 investigates the current status of preservation and management of three repositories that store the four registered records in Korea. The repositories include Kyujanggak Archives in Seoul National University, Pusan Records and Information Center of National Records and Archives Service, and Gansong Art Museum. The quality of their preservation and management are excellent in all of three institutions by the following aspects: 1) detailed security measures are close to perfection 2) archiving practices are very careful by using a special stack room in steady temperature and humidity and depositing it in stack or archival box made of paulownia tree and 3) fire prevention, lighting, and fumigation are thoroughly prepared. Chapter 4 summarizes the status quo of digitization projects of records heritage in Korea. The most important issue related to digitization and database construction on Korean records heritage is likely to set up the standardization of digitization processes and facilities. It is urgently necessary to develop comprehensive standard systems for digitization. Two institutions are closely interested in these tasks: 1) the National Records and Archives Service experienced in developing government records management systems; and 2) the Cultural Heritage Administration interested in digitization of Korean old documents. In collaboration of these two institutions, a new standard system will be designed for digitizing records heritage on Korean Studies. Chapter 5 deals with additional Korean records heritage in the wish list for UNESCO's Memory of the World Register, including: 1) Wooden Printing Blocks(經板) of Koryo-Taejangkyong(高麗大藏經) in Haein Temple(海印寺); 2) Dongui-Bogam(「東醫寶鑑」) 3) Samguk-Yusa(「三國遺事」) and 4) Mugujeonggwangdaedaranigyeong(「無垢淨光大다羅尼經」). Their world value and importance are examined as followings. Wooden Printing Blocks of Koryo-Taejangkyong in Haein Temple is the worldly oldest wooden printing block of cannon of Buddhism that still exist and was created over 750 years ago. It needs a special conservation treatment to disinfect germs residing in surface and inside of wooden plates. Otherwise, it may be damaged seriously. For its effective conservation and preservation, we hope that UNESCO and Government will schedule special care and budget and join the list of Memory of the Word Register. Dongui-Bogam is the most comprehensive and well-written medical book in the Korean history, summarizing all medical books in Korea and China from the Ancient Times through the early 17th century and concentrating on Korean herb medicine and prescriptions. It is proved as the best clinical guidebook in the 17th century for doctors and practitioners to easily use. The book was also published in China and Japan in the 18th century and greatly influenced the development of practical clinic and medical research in Asia at that time. This is why Dongui Bogam is in the wish list to register to the Memory of the World. Samguk-Yusa is evaluated as one of the most comprehensive history books and treasure sources in Korea, which illustrates foundations of Korean people and covers histories and cultures of ancient Korean peninsula and nearby countries. The book contains the oldest fixed form verse, called Hyang-Ka(鄕歌), and became the origin of Korean literature. In particular, the section of Gi-ee(紀異篇) describes the historical processes of dynasty transition from the first dynasty Gochosun(古朝鮮) to Goguryeo(高句麗) and illustrates the identity of Korean people from its historical origin. This book is worthy of adding to the Memory of the World Register. Mugujeonggwangdaedaranigyeong is the oldest book printed by wooden type plates, and it is estimated to print in between 706 and 751. It contains several reasons and evidence to be worthy of adding to the list of the Memory of the World. It is the greatest documentary heritage that represents the first wooden printing book that still exists in the world as well as illustrates the history of wooden printing in Korea.

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본 연구는 2013년 12월 『저작권법』에 도입된 공공저작물의 자유이용 규정의 의미와 세부사항을 기록정보서비스 측면에서 분석한 결과 다음과 같은 한계가 있음을 파악하였다. 첫째, 공공저작물 자유이용규정이 적용되는 기관이 매우 제한적이어서 기록관리법 적용기관을 포괄하지 못하고 있다. 둘째, 국가, 지방자치단체, 공공기관이 생산한 업무상저작물 대다수가 미공표기록임에도 불구하고 자유이용 공공저작물이 되기 위해 공표를 요건으로 하는 것은 대상 저작물의 범위를 지나치게 제한하는 것이다. 이러한 문제점을 개선하기 위하여 각급 학교의 업무상저작물을 자유이용 범위에 포함시키고, 공표 요건을 공개요건으로 변경하는 법개정이 필요함을 제안하였다. 또한 향후 기록관리기준표나 현용 및 준현용기록의 메타데이터 표준에 저작권 관리 항목을 추가하여 기록물 등록과 동시에 저작권 정보를 관리할 것을 제안하였다.

Abstract

This study analyzed the meanings and other details of the provisions in line with the free use of public works introduced through the Copyright Act of Korea in Dec. 2013 in the aspect of archival information services and indicated the limitations as follows. First, not all institutions shall follow the provisions because it does not cover all institutions under the Law of Records Management in Korea. Second, even though most of works made for hire in state institutions, local governments, and public institutions are not yet made public, to enable a work to be made public is a requisite for public works to be used for free. This is to limit the scope of public works. To solve the problems, this study suggested the revision directions of the Copyright Act of Korea that every school, which creates works made for hire, are covered in the institutions that enable the free use of works and change the requisite to make a work public for the disclosure the information. This study also suggested that the element for copyright information shall be created in the records schedule for public institutions and metadata standard for records management. The copyright information shall also be described when the records are registered.

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국내의 많은 지방자치단체에서는 지역에서 발생하는 사건들에 대한 시청각 기록물을 사람들이 쉽게 열람할 수 있도록 온라인 서비스를 제공하고 있다. 그러나 지자체들의 현재 사진 기록물 관리 방식은 표준적인 메타데이터가 부재하고 사진의 정보를 활용하지 않기 때문에 지자체 간 호환성과 검색 편의성이 낮은 문제점을 가진다. 이와 같은 문제점을 개선하기 위해, 본 논문에서는 국내 지자체 사진 기록물의 효율적 관리를 위한 메타데이터 설계와 기계학습 기반 자동 인덱싱 기술을 제안한다. 먼저, 본 논문에서는 국내 지자체 사진 기록물에 특화된 메타데이터를 설계하여 지자체 간 사진 기록물의 호환성을 높이고, 사진의 기본 정보와 특성을 나타낼 수 있는 요소들을 메타데이터 항목에 포함함으로써 사진 기록물의 효율적인 관리를 가능하게 한다. 또한, 기계학습 기술을 기반으로 사진의 사건과 카테고리를 반영하는 정보인 사진 속 텍스트와 객체를 자동 인덱싱하여, 사진 기록물 검색 시 사용자 검색의 편의성을 높인다. 마지막으로, 본 논문에서는 제안한 방법을 사용하여 국내 지자체 사진 기록물에서 텍스트와 객체를 자동으로 추출하고, 추출한 내용과 기본 정보를 본 논문에서 설계한 사진 기록물 메타데이터 항목에 저장하는 프로그램을 개발하였다.

Abstract

Many local governments in Korea provide online services for people to easily access the audio-visual archives of events occurring in the area. However, the current method of managing these archives of the local governments has several problems in terms of compatibility with other organizations and convenience for searching of the archives because of the lack of standard metadata and the low utilization of image information. To solve these problems, we propose the metadata design and machine learning-based automatic indexing technology for the efficient management of the image archives of local governments in Korea. Moreover, we design metadata items specialized for the image archives of local governments to improve the compatibility and include the elements that can represent the basic information and characteristics of images into the metadata items, enabling efficient management. In addition, the text and objects in images, which include pieces of information that reflect events and categories, are automatically indexed based on the machine learning technology, enhancing users’ search convenience. Lastly, we developed the program that automatically extracts text and objects from image archives using the proposed method, and stores the extracted contents and basic information in the metadata items we designed.

한국기록관리학회지