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  • P-ISSN1598-1487
  • E-ISSN2671-1487
검색어: records and archives management history, 검색결과: 18
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이 글은 지난 12년 간의 기록관리의 역사에 대한 국내 연구 동향을 분석하여 그간의 연구동향과 앞으로의 연구 방향을 제시하려는 목적으로 수행되었다. 이 연구에서는 기록관리분야의 「한국기록관리학회지」와 「기록학연구」 2종과 기록관리 관련분야 6종의 학술지에 실린 31편의 논문을 선정하였다. 정량적 분석에서는 31편의 논문목록을 작성하고, 분야별․연도별 논문현황을 살펴보았으며, 연구자별 현황에서는 연구당 저자수, 논문편수별 연구자, 연구자의 소속기관 및 소속기관의 유형을 밝혔다. 내용분석에서는 먼저 기록관리의 역사는 일반사, 국내 역사, 국외 역사의 세 분야로 나누고, 각 분야를 세분하여 국내 역사는 삼국시대 -백제-, 고려시대, 조선시대, 일제강점기, 대한민국정부수립 이후, 공공기록관리법 제정 이후의 시대별로 나누었으며, 국외 역사는 아시아, 북미, 유럽, 러시아의 지역별로 나누어 살펴보았다. 향후 기록관리의 역사 분야의 미래 발전을 위해 이론과 실무의 새로운 연구 방향을 위해 몇 가지 제안을 하였다.

Abstract

This study aims at reviewing the research trends of records and archives management history published during the past 12 years, analyzing issues, and suggesting future tasks in related research areas. It starts with categorizing research areas of records and archives management history in archival sciences. All 31 articles have been selected from the 2 journals on archival science and 6 journals on related research areas. In quantitative measurement, the paper draws up 31 kinds of article bibliographies and looks at the current status of subject areas by year and author. In content analysis, selected articles are categorized into 3 subject areas, that is, general history, domestic history, and foreign history. For each subject area, research trends of the historical and regional studies are analyzed. This study concludes with emphasis on a new research direction between practice and points out that academic theory should be required for the future development in records and archives management history.

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본 연구는 근․현대 지역사료 수집, DB 구축 및 공동 활용 방안의 네 가지 측면을 다루었다. 첫째, 한국 지역사의 개념은 향토사, 지방사, 지역사 등으로 쓰이는데 근․현대사와 관련해서는 지역사의 개념이 확대되고 있는 추세이다. 둘째, 국가기록원은 1999년에 제정된 공공기관의 기록물관리에 관한 법률에 의거하여 근․현대 지역사료를 체계적으로 수집하여 관리하고 있으며 현재 중앙행정기관, 지방자치단체 및 교육청, 대학, 기타 공공기관의 기록물을 관리하고 있다. 국사편찬위원회는 2004년부터 2010년까지 10개년 계획으로 각 지역에 산재해 있는 근․현대 지역사료를 시군별 자료수집과 더불어 주제별 자료조사도 병행하고 있다. 한국학중앙연구원은 초기에는 현대사연구소를 중심으로 근․현대사 사료를 수집하였다. 1997년부터 2005년까지는 수집된 사료는 해방기를 전후한 자료들이다. 셋째, 국가기록원의 중앙기록관리시스템 및 나라기록포털시스템, 국사편찬위원회의 한국사데이터베이스시스템, 한국학중앙연구원의 한국향토문화대전시스템의 특성이 기술되었다. 넷째, 세 기관 사이의 공동협의회의 구성은 국가기록물관리위원회 산하에 ‘근․현대 지역사료 협의회’를 두고, 국가기록원이 주도적인 역할을 하고 각 기관과 연대해 나가며, 근․현대 사료의 디지털화된 자원의 공유를 위한 기술개발, 콘텐츠의 이용과 개선, 공공의 이용과 참여, 국제적인 이용이 가능하도록 하려면 국가기록원, 국사편찬위원회, 한국학중앙연구원의 분담된 역할이 있어야함을 강조하였다.

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This paper deals with the four aspects of the acquisition, construction and common use of modern and post-modern document DB in the NAK, NIKH, and AKS. First, The concept of Korean regional history includes provincial history, local history and regional history and as far as modern and post-modern history is concerned, the concept of regional history is on expansion. Second, National Archives of Korea has been systematically collecting and managing modern and post-modern regional history records in compliance to Public Institutes Records Management Law, enacted in 1999 and currently is in charge of handling public records of 373 central government administration offices, 514 regional government offices, Office of Education, universities and of other public agencies. National Institute of Korean History is working on a ten year project from 2004 to collect the scattered modern and post-modern regional history records and to classify them regionally and thematically. The Academy of Korean Studies has been collecting modern and post-modern regional history records and collection was initiated by Modern History Research. Those records that are collected from 1997 and 2005 are mainly from the liberation period. Third, characteristics of Central Archives Management System and Nara Records Portal System of NAK, Korean History Database System of NIKH and of The AKS’ Korean Provincial Culture Electronic Encyclopedia are elaborated. Fourth, establishing ‘Modern and Post-modern Regional History Records Council’ as an affiliated organization of National Archives Management Committee is recommended, NAK leading the council and promoting further cooperation. In this section, an emphasis on allotted tasks of three institutes in order to achieve technology development for digitalized resource sharing, to improve on contents and to promote public and international use is placed as well.

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강대신(한국과학기술연구원) ; 박지영(연세대학교) 2004, Vol.4, No.2, pp.92-117 https://doi.org/10.14404/JKSARM.2004.4.2.092
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Abstract

Korea has the glorious documentary cultural heritage including Annals of the Joseon Dynasty, Memory of the World, from old times. But We had been felt into serious situation, it is very difficult to find some records of late years, through rapid changes of society in modern history. Fortunately, in 1999, “law of archives management in public sector” was enacted but It is some difficult to apply to field. Accordingly, We studied archives laws and record management systems, education systems in Japan and China, neighborhood countries and compared them with Korea's. Life cycle of Gathering, Managing, Using records & archives is reflected in China's archives law, “Dangan” and It is useful to referred to Korea. On the other hand, Japan and Korea's archives law focus on administering and capturing records and archives. In case of Management agency of archives, China has a linear managing system from state to regional agency and Japan and Korea have different system in State and Region. We recommend following items ; reform archives law, status of goverment archives, professional education and arrangement etc.

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김장환(국회도서관) ; 이은별(국회도서관 국회기록보존소) 2015, Vol.15, No.2, pp.103-136 https://doi.org/10.14404/JKSARM.2015.15.2.103
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국회기록보존소는 국가기록원에서 개발한 표준기록관리시스템에 보존기록관리 기능을 일부 추가한 형태의 ‘국회기록관리시스템’을 개발하여 사용하고 있다. 그러나 시스템의 근간이 되는 표준기록관리시스템은 기록관 기능 수행을 위해 개발․보급되었기 때문에 영구기록물관리기관 기능을 동시에 수행하는 국회기록보존소의 업무 기능을 모두 반영하기에는 한계가 있다. 더구나 현행 국회기록관리시스템은 법규에 따라 이관받는 공문서 관리 중심이기 때문에 의정활동과 관련하여 수집한 국회의원 기록물, 역대 국회의장 등으로부터 채록한 구술기록, 영상회의록 등 다양한 유형의 기록물을 등록하여 관리하는 데에 어려움이 있다. 이에 본 연구에서는 현행 국회기록관리시스템의 문제점 분석과 국가기록원, 대통령기록관, 창원시, 문화재청에서 운용 중인 시스템 사례연구를 통해 향후 개발 예정인 국회기록정보 통합관리시스템의 기능 구성, 메타데이터, 목표시스템 등을 제안하였다.

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The National Assembly Archives of the Republic of Korea has been using the National Assembly Archives and Records Management System, which added some archival function to the Standard Records Management System that they had previously developed. However, the Standard Records Management System has limits in order to reflect all the business functions of the National Assembly Archives, which also acts as an archival institution, because the system had been developed and distributed to perform the function of a records center. Moreover, the current National Assembly Archives and Records Management System focuses on the management of official records transferred in accordance with the regulations. For this reason, it is difficult to register and manage various record types such as records of the members of the National Assembly (related to legislative activities), oral history collected from the National Assembly leader, audiovisual records of proceedings, and so on. As such, this study analyzed the problems of the current National Assembly Archives and Records Management System and conducted case studies of the systems in the National Archives, the Presidential Archives, Changwon City, and the Cultural Heritage Administration. Through this research, it proposed that system functions, metadata, the target system of the National Assembly Archives, and the Records Integrated Management System need a development plan.

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문서관리와 전자문서관리가 1990년대를 전후하여 변화 발전해 온 배경과 현재의 경향을 살펴보고, 전자문서관리 소프트웨어 디자인에 관련된 아카이브적인 기능과 업계의 기술표준, 현재 나와 있는 소프트웨어 등을 고찰함으로 전자문서관리의 현단계와 앞으로의 개발방향을 제시한다.

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This paper aims to introduce the background history and development of records management in brief prior to and after the 1990s based on the records life cycle. This paper also explains the development of electronic document imaging systems and shifts to ERM systemsin the 1990s. The paper explains functional requirements in archival management and software application standards suggested by the industry of electronic records management. The paper concludes with providing problems and issues associated with software design in electronic records management for further development.

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김유승(중앙대학교) ; 김장환(국회도서관) 2013, Vol.13, No.1, pp.81-106 https://doi.org/10.14404/JKSARM.2013.13.1.081
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본 연구는 국회기록보존소를 중심으로 하는 국회 기록관리기관의 직제와 직무의 문제점을 파악하고 이에 대한 대안을 제시하는 데 목적을 두었다. 이론적 논의로 국회 기록관리 책임 부서의 직제 연혁을 살폈고, ‘영구기록물관리기준 표준운영절차’를 준거로 삼아 영구기록물관리기관의 직무를 파악하였다. 이를 바탕으로 국회기록보존소의 직제 현황을 분석하고, 국회기록보존소 직원을 대상으로 직무 조사를 실시하였다. 직제 영역의 개선방안으로 국회 영구기록물관리기관의 재지정, 국회 소속기관 설치, 헌정기념관의 통합적 운영을 주요 과제로 논하였고, 이를 반영한 조직 개편안을 제시하였다. 직무영역으로는 관리대상 기록물 범주 확대와 기록관리 전문 인력 강화의 필요성을 살폈으며, 앞서 제시한 직제 개편에 맞는 담당별 업무분장을 제안하였다.

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The study is aimed at providing alternative strategies for the National Archives Assembly organization and the job. As a theoretical background, it reviewed the history of the National Archives Assembly’s records management organization and analyzed duties of a permanent records management institution based on the “Standard Operating Procedure for Archival Institutions.” Moreover, this study discussed the National Archives Assembly’s current organizational status and surveyed jobs of the National Assembly Archives staff. As a result, for the organization area, it suggested that the National Assembly should reappoint its permanent records management institution, establish records centers, and reassign the management authority on the Memorial Center to the National Archives Assembly. Furthermore, the study provided a reorganization plan. For the job area, it argued a necessity for expanding the job domain and reinforcing professional manpower. In line with this, it provided duties that were customized for the reorganization plan.

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김예지(경북대학교 일반 대학원 기록학) ; 이성신(경북대학교) 2019, Vol.19, No.3, pp.179-204 https://doi.org/10.14404/JKSARM.2019.19.3.179
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소방기록물의 관리 현황과 실태를 분석하기 위해 본 연구는 D광역지방자치단체 본청 산하에 소속된 소방안전본부와 소방안전본부 직속기관인 8개의 소방서를 그 대상으로 2013년부터 2017년까지 5년간 생산된 소방기록물을 생산․보존․처분이라는 기록관리 프로세스 관점에서 분석하였다. 분석결과 기록물 이관 규정과 검수가 제대로 이루어지고 있지 않으며, 행정박물에 대한 인식이 부족한 것으로 나타났다. 또한 기록물평가심의회 이력 관리를 재고할 필요가 있으며 비전자기록물의 물리적 측면에서의 최신화가 필요한 것으로 나타났다. 효과적인 소방기록물 관리를 위해서는 소방기록물 관리 교육이 활성화 되어야하고, 소방기록물의 자체관리를 위한 예산 확보가 필요하며, 보류기간 관리 이력을 위한 메타데이터의 확보가 필요하다.

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The study aims to investigate the management status of fire services records of local government D in the metropolitan area. To achieve this, the study analyzed the data from 2013 to 2017 based on the production, preservation, and disposition processes of records. The findings are as follows: 1) unkept regulations to transfer the records, 2) a lack of understanding of archival objects, 3) reconsideration of the history management of the records appraisal committee, 4) and an on-site update of records. Therefore, this study suggested the following for an effective fire services records management: 1) training for the fire services records management, 2) proper budgeting for the records management, 3) and secured metadata for the history management of records.

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신유림(증평군 기록연구사) 2019, Vol.19, No.1, pp.282-287 https://doi.org/10.14404/JKSARM.2019.19.1.282
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충청북도 증평군은 1읍 1면의 행정구역과 3만 7천명의 인구를 가진 전국에서 손꼽히는 작은 기초자치단체이다. 그러나 증평의 사람들은 한마음으로 뭉쳐 증평군으로의 승격을 이루어 내는 등 꾸준히 ‘도전과 투쟁의 역사’를 만들어왔다. 증평군 기록관도 최근 여러 실험적인 도전을 통해 연구사 충원과 함께 지역아카이빙 사업예산을 확보하면서 증평군과 비슷한 ‘작지만 위대한’ 성공들을 만들어가고 있다. 이 글에서는 2017년부터 증평군 기록관에서 추진했던 마을기록 만들기, 경관 아카이빙, 기록전시회, 국비공모 등의 사업들을 간략히 소개하고 그 의미를 짚어보았다. 증평군 기록관의 성공경험을 공유하고, 더 많은 기록관들이 도전적인 실험을 할 수 있도록 작게나마 아이디어를 제공하기 위함이다.

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JeungPyeong-gun, Chungcheongbuk-do is one of the smallest local governments in Korea with the administrative division of 1-eup and 1-myun and the population of 37,000. Nevertheless, people in JeungPyeong have consistently created ‘the history of challenge and struggle’ as for instance, they stood together tightly for raising its status to JeungPyeong-gun. The JeungPyeong-gun Archives and Records Management Office likewise has made ‘small but great’ successes similar to what was achieved in JeungPyeung-gun through several experimental challenges done recently, resulting in obtaining a budget for local archiving projects and adding a new position of records manager. This report briefly introduces projects implemented by the office including community archiving, landscape archiving, the exhibition of records, and applying for public fund competitions, and explains the implications. It attempts to share successful experiences of the office and to suggest ideas that help more other archives and records management offices create challenging experiments.


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이 연구는 기존의 연구기록의 개념과 범위에 대해 문제제기를 하면서 자연과학에서 생산되는 연구기록과 질적 연구에서 생산되는 연구기록의 차이를 밝히고 질적 연구 자료를 연구기록화하고 관리하는 방안을 찾아보고자 한다. 이를 위하여 우선 기존의 연구기록 관리에 대한 선행 연구들을 연구기록의 개념, 분류와 유형, 그리고 연구의 방향을 중심으로 검토한다. 그리고 문화기술지적 자료를 연구기록화하기 위하여 자료의 맥락을 생산과 수집의 특수성을 통하여 정리하고 그것에 연구기록 분류 방식을 적용하여 문화기술지적 자료의 분류와 기술을 시도한다. 이러한 시도는 윤택림이 수행했던 “부엌의 문화사” 연구프로젝트에서 생산 수집된 자료들을 사례로 이용할 것이다. 이 연구는 질적 자료를 포함하여 연구기록의 개념과 범주를 확장시키면서, 자료를 생산한 연구자와 아키비스트와의 공조에 의해 이루어지는 연구기록관리의 사례를 보여준다. 또한 다양한 문화기술지적 자료들을 연구기록화 하는 작업은 일상사, 공동체 아카이브 구축의 시발적인 연구라고 볼 수 있다.

Abstract

This article attempts to examine the definition and categories of research records in order to include ethnographic data into research records by comparing the laboratory records with the ethnographic data produced in the field work. And it discusses the records management task of ethnogrpahic data using the field work data collected in the research project of ‘Cultural History of Kitchen’ which was carried out by one of the authors from 2002 to 2005. The authors draw out the classification of laboratory records from the previous studies on research records, apply it to the ethnographic data and illustrate the new classification and description of research records reflecting the features of ethnographic data. Doing so, the authors expand the concept of research records and provide a case study of research records management based on the collaboration between the researcher and the archivist. Ultimately this study will be a footstep toward construction of community archives and everyday life archives since the records for those archives may be as diverse as the research records based on the ethnographic data from the research project of ‘Cultural History of Kitchen’.

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Abstract

This study investigates the current preservation and management of four records and documentary heritage in Korea that is in the UNESCO's Memory of the World Register. The study analyzes their problems and corresponding solutions in digitizing those world records heritages. This study also reviews additional four documentary books in Korea that are in the wish list to add to UNESCO's Memory of the World Register. This study is organized as the following: Chapter 2 examines the value and meanings of world records and documentary heritage in Korea. The registry requirements and procedures of UNESCO's Memory of the World Register are examined. The currently registered records of Korea include Hunmin-Chongum, the Annals of the Choson Dynasty, the Diaries of the Royal Secretariat (Seungjeongwon Ilgi), and Buljo- Jikji-Simche-Yojeol (vol. Ⅱ). These records heritage's worth and significance are carefully analyzed. For example, Hunmin-Chongum(「訓民正音」) is consisted of unique and systematic letters. Letters were delicately explained with examples in its original manual at the time of letter's creation, which is an unparalleled case in the world documentary history. The Annals of the Choson Dynasty(「朝鮮王朝實錄」) are the most comprehensive historic documents that contain the longest period of time in history. Their truthfulness and reliability in describing history give credits to the annals. The Royal Secretariat Diary (called Seungjeongwon-Ilgi(「承政院日記」)) is the most voluminous primary resources in history, superior to the Annals of Choson Dynasty and Twenty Five Histories in China. Jikji(「直指」) is the oldest existing book published by movable metal print sets in the world. It evidences the beginning of metal printing in the world printing history and is worthy of being as world heritage. The review of the four registered records confirms that they are valuable world documentary heritage that transfers culture of mankind to next generations and should be preserved carefully and safely without deterioration or loss. Chapter 3 investigates the current status of preservation and management of three repositories that store the four registered records in Korea. The repositories include Kyujanggak Archives in Seoul National University, Pusan Records and Information Center of National Records and Archives Service, and Gansong Art Museum. The quality of their preservation and management are excellent in all of three institutions by the following aspects: 1) detailed security measures are close to perfection 2) archiving practices are very careful by using a special stack room in steady temperature and humidity and depositing it in stack or archival box made of paulownia tree and 3) fire prevention, lighting, and fumigation are thoroughly prepared. Chapter 4 summarizes the status quo of digitization projects of records heritage in Korea. The most important issue related to digitization and database construction on Korean records heritage is likely to set up the standardization of digitization processes and facilities. It is urgently necessary to develop comprehensive standard systems for digitization. Two institutions are closely interested in these tasks: 1) the National Records and Archives Service experienced in developing government records management systems; and 2) the Cultural Heritage Administration interested in digitization of Korean old documents. In collaboration of these two institutions, a new standard system will be designed for digitizing records heritage on Korean Studies. Chapter 5 deals with additional Korean records heritage in the wish list for UNESCO's Memory of the World Register, including: 1) Wooden Printing Blocks(經板) of Koryo-Taejangkyong(高麗大藏經) in Haein Temple(海印寺); 2) Dongui-Bogam(「東醫寶鑑」) 3) Samguk-Yusa(「三國遺事」) and 4) Mugujeonggwangdaedaranigyeong(「無垢淨光大다羅尼經」). Their world value and importance are examined as followings. Wooden Printing Blocks of Koryo-Taejangkyong in Haein Temple is the worldly oldest wooden printing block of cannon of Buddhism that still exist and was created over 750 years ago. It needs a special conservation treatment to disinfect germs residing in surface and inside of wooden plates. Otherwise, it may be damaged seriously. For its effective conservation and preservation, we hope that UNESCO and Government will schedule special care and budget and join the list of Memory of the Word Register. Dongui-Bogam is the most comprehensive and well-written medical book in the Korean history, summarizing all medical books in Korea and China from the Ancient Times through the early 17th century and concentrating on Korean herb medicine and prescriptions. It is proved as the best clinical guidebook in the 17th century for doctors and practitioners to easily use. The book was also published in China and Japan in the 18th century and greatly influenced the development of practical clinic and medical research in Asia at that time. This is why Dongui Bogam is in the wish list to register to the Memory of the World. Samguk-Yusa is evaluated as one of the most comprehensive history books and treasure sources in Korea, which illustrates foundations of Korean people and covers histories and cultures of ancient Korean peninsula and nearby countries. The book contains the oldest fixed form verse, called Hyang-Ka(鄕歌), and became the origin of Korean literature. In particular, the section of Gi-ee(紀異篇) describes the historical processes of dynasty transition from the first dynasty Gochosun(古朝鮮) to Goguryeo(高句麗) and illustrates the identity of Korean people from its historical origin. This book is worthy of adding to the Memory of the World Register. Mugujeonggwangdaedaranigyeong is the oldest book printed by wooden type plates, and it is estimated to print in between 706 and 751. It contains several reasons and evidence to be worthy of adding to the list of the Memory of the World. It is the greatest documentary heritage that represents the first wooden printing book that still exists in the world as well as illustrates the history of wooden printing in Korea.

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