본고는 2015년부터 현재까지 법무부에서 추진한 기록관 건립과 관련된 제반사항에 대한 추진 경과 및 남은 과제를 소개하는 글이다. 기록관 건립을 위해서는 내부적 합의 도출, 관계기관과의 협의, 기록관 조직 구성 및 운영체계 확립 등 내․외부의 다각적인 분야에서 상호 유기적인 협의와 검토 및 반영과정이 장기적이면서도 반복적으로 이루어지게 되는데, 이 글에서는 각 분야별 추진사항과 결과를 중심으로 요약․정리하였다. 새로운 변화와 발전을 도모하고자 하는 법무부의 기록관 건립 사례가 향후 기록관 건립을 모색하는 기관들로 하여금 유용하고도 유익한 사례가 되길 기원한다.
This paper introduces the progress and remaining tasks regarding the establishment of the record center led by the Ministry of Justice since 2015. The establishment of the record center requires long-term and repetitive mutual and organic agreements, reviews, and feedback processes that involve internal and external parties from multilateral areas. This paper is a summary of the major proceedings and results of each field. The cases introduced in this paper regarding the establishment of the Ministry of Justice Record Center are expected to be a useful and valuable resource for other institutions seeking to establish a record center.
2006년 법령이 개정된 후 공공기관에 전자기록관리시스템이 도입되어 대부분의 기관이 기록관에 디지털 저장소를 구축했다. 이 시스템은 도입과 유지에 많은 비용과 인력이 소요되고, 저장소의 확장성이 떨어지며, 상호운용성의 확보가 어려운 단점이 있다. 이에 본 연구에서는 클라우드 컴퓨팅 기술을 전자기록관리시스템에 도입하여 기존 시스템이 지닌 문제를 개선해 더 나은 시스템을 구축할 모델을 제시하였다. 특히 클라우드 컴퓨팅의 장점인 저비용·고효율, 빠른 확장성, 다양한 시스템을 하나로 포용할 수 있는 상호운용성이 공공기관의 전자기록관리시스템 운용에 적용될 때 얻게 될 기대효과를 제시해 향후 클라우드 기술의 도입의 당위성을 제기한다.
After making amendments to archive-related legislations in 2006, the Electronic Records Management Systems (ERMS) were introduced into public institutions. With this, most institutions constructed digital repositories in their records center. In this system, there are several weaknesses that wasted costs and manpower for its introduction and maintenance. The extensibility of a repository is debased, and securing the interoperability is difficult. The study proposed a cloud computing-based model to solve such problems that the previous system had. In particular, this study expected effects through the proposed model. The expected effects are low-cost, highly efficient, extensible, and interoperable in embracing various systems. Thus, the appropriateness of introducing cloud computing into ERMS was analyzed in this study.
This study investigates the current preservation and management of four records and documentary heritage in Korea that is in the UNESCO's Memory of the World Register. The study analyzes their problems and corresponding solutions in digitizing those world records heritages. This study also reviews additional four documentary books in Korea that are in the wish list to add to UNESCO's Memory of the World Register. This study is organized as the following: Chapter 2 examines the value and meanings of world records and documentary heritage in Korea. The registry requirements and procedures of UNESCO's Memory of the World Register are examined. The currently registered records of Korea include Hunmin-Chongum, the Annals of the Choson Dynasty, the Diaries of the Royal Secretariat (Seungjeongwon Ilgi), and Buljo- Jikji-Simche-Yojeol (vol. Ⅱ). These records heritage's worth and significance are carefully analyzed. For example, Hunmin-Chongum(「訓民正音」) is consisted of unique and systematic letters. Letters were delicately explained with examples in its original manual at the time of letter's creation, which is an unparalleled case in the world documentary history. The Annals of the Choson Dynasty(「朝鮮王朝實錄」) are the most comprehensive historic documents that contain the longest period of time in history. Their truthfulness and reliability in describing history give credits to the annals. The Royal Secretariat Diary (called Seungjeongwon-Ilgi(「承政院日記」)) is the most voluminous primary resources in history, superior to the Annals of Choson Dynasty and Twenty Five Histories in China. Jikji(「直指」) is the oldest existing book published by movable metal print sets in the world. It evidences the beginning of metal printing in the world printing history and is worthy of being as world heritage. The review of the four registered records confirms that they are valuable world documentary heritage that transfers culture of mankind to next generations and should be preserved carefully and safely without deterioration or loss. Chapter 3 investigates the current status of preservation and management of three repositories that store the four registered records in Korea. The repositories include Kyujanggak Archives in Seoul National University, Pusan Records and Information Center of National Records and Archives Service, and Gansong Art Museum. The quality of their preservation and management are excellent in all of three institutions by the following aspects: 1) detailed security measures are close to perfection 2) archiving practices are very careful by using a special stack room in steady temperature and humidity and depositing it in stack or archival box made of paulownia tree and 3) fire prevention, lighting, and fumigation are thoroughly prepared. Chapter 4 summarizes the status quo of digitization projects of records heritage in Korea. The most important issue related to digitization and database construction on Korean records heritage is likely to set up the standardization of digitization processes and facilities. It is urgently necessary to develop comprehensive standard systems for digitization. Two institutions are closely interested in these tasks: 1) the National Records and Archives Service experienced in developing government records management systems; and 2) the Cultural Heritage Administration interested in digitization of Korean old documents. In collaboration of these two institutions, a new standard system will be designed for digitizing records heritage on Korean Studies. Chapter 5 deals with additional Korean records heritage in the wish list for UNESCO's Memory of the World Register, including: 1) Wooden Printing Blocks(經板) of Koryo-Taejangkyong(高麗大藏經) in Haein Temple(海印寺); 2) Dongui-Bogam(「東醫寶鑑」) 3) Samguk-Yusa(「三國遺事」) and 4) Mugujeonggwangdaedaranigyeong(「無垢淨光大다羅尼經」). Their world value and importance are examined as followings. Wooden Printing Blocks of Koryo-Taejangkyong in Haein Temple is the worldly oldest wooden printing block of cannon of Buddhism that still exist and was created over 750 years ago. It needs a special conservation treatment to disinfect germs residing in surface and inside of wooden plates. Otherwise, it may be damaged seriously. For its effective conservation and preservation, we hope that UNESCO and Government will schedule special care and budget and join the list of Memory of the Word Register. Dongui-Bogam is the most comprehensive and well-written medical book in the Korean history, summarizing all medical books in Korea and China from the Ancient Times through the early 17th century and concentrating on Korean herb medicine and prescriptions. It is proved as the best clinical guidebook in the 17th century for doctors and practitioners to easily use. The book was also published in China and Japan in the 18th century and greatly influenced the development of practical clinic and medical research in Asia at that time. This is why Dongui Bogam is in the wish list to register to the Memory of the World. Samguk-Yusa is evaluated as one of the most comprehensive history books and treasure sources in Korea, which illustrates foundations of Korean people and covers histories and cultures of ancient Korean peninsula and nearby countries. The book contains the oldest fixed form verse, called Hyang-Ka(鄕歌), and became the origin of Korean literature. In particular, the section of Gi-ee(紀異篇) describes the historical processes of dynasty transition from the first dynasty Gochosun(古朝鮮) to Goguryeo(高句麗) and illustrates the identity of Korean people from its historical origin. This book is worthy of adding to the Memory of the World Register. Mugujeonggwangdaedaranigyeong is the oldest book printed by wooden type plates, and it is estimated to print in between 706 and 751. It contains several reasons and evidence to be worthy of adding to the list of the Memory of the World. It is the greatest documentary heritage that represents the first wooden printing book that still exists in the world as well as illustrates the history of wooden printing in Korea.