예술기록의 조직에 있어서 정리는 기록의 생산 및 축적의 맥락을 보존하는 중요한 작업이다. 그러나 우리나라 예술아카이브에서는 출처 및 원질서의 원칙에 기반한 정리가 소홀히 다루어지고 있다. 이 연구에서는 예술기록의 정리와 분류의 개념과 차이를 정리하고, 국내외 예술기록 정리와 분류 현황을 비교 분석함으로써 이제 시작단계에 있는 우리나라 예술기록 조직업무의 문제점을 밝히고 개선방향을 제안하였다.
Archival arrangement is essential process to preserve the context of art archives creation and accumulation while classification is important to search archival collections by their topic, type or business process. But archival arrangement is not being taken seriously in most art archives in Korea. The purpose of this study is to analyse the arrangement and classification issues of art archives in Korea, and to suggest some principles and strategies for organizing art archives more systematically. This paper begins with identifying the difference between arrangement and classification and analyses some cases of visual and performing art archives in Korea and United States in terms of archival organization. Based on these analyses, it gives some suggestions for improving the quality of arrangement and classification in Korean art archives.
기록관리에 대한 미술계의 관심과 염원을 반영하여 국립현대미술관은 지난 2013년 10월부터 미술관아카이브를 운영하기 시작하였다. 미술관아카이브는 기록학적 논의와는 구별되는 흐름을 지니고 있지만, 기록물관리기관으로서의 실체를 지닌 것이기 때문에 그 효율적인 운영을 위해서는 기록학적인 관점에서의 접근과 진단이 필요하다. 이 연구는 국립현대미술관 아카이브 가운데 기관아카이브를 중심으로 기록물 수집과 정리 방법을 기록학적 관점에서 진단하고 개선방안을 제언하기 위한 것이다. 이를 위해서 먼저 미술관의 기능과 미술관아카이브의 역할과 미술관아카이브의 기록물 수집 범위와 정리 방법을 이론적으로 고찰하고, 이러한 논의를 바탕으로 국립현대미술관 기관아카이브의 기록물 수집의 범위와 정리 현황을 분석하여 문제점을 도출하고, 개선방안을 제안하였다.
The National Museum of Contemporary Art, Korea began operating the museum archives in October 2013. Although the museum archives have an independent flow that is distinct from discussions of the archival sciences, it is a reality as a record management organization, and therefore, access to and analysis from the viewpoint of archival science is required for efficient operation. The purpose of this study is to diagnose the method of collecting and organizing records from the viewpoint of archival sciences from the Institutional Archives of the National Museum of Contemporary Art, Korea. To this end, we theoretically examined the function of the museum, the role of the museum archives, and the scope and method of collection and arrangement of the museum archives. Based on these discussions, we analyzed the scope of the collection and the system of arrangement of the institutional archives. Then, we suggested some improvement plans.
공연예술은 상이한 역할을 담당하는 사람들의 집합적인 참여에 의해서 이루어지는 종합예술로, 다차원적인 맥락을 가지고 있다. 공연예술기록의 정리와 기술 과정에서 반드시 표현이 되어야 하는 맥락을 작품과 공연기획의 관계, 공연기획과 개별공연의 관계, 공연과 생산자의 관계, 기록과 기록의 관계, 공연과 기록의 관계로 상세하게 분석하고, 이러한 맥락을 논리적으로 표현하기 위한 방법론으로 각 요소별 관계 구성에 의한 계층형 구조를 제안하였고, 기록의 내적 관계를 표현하기 위한 기록정리의 계열화 모형을 제안하였다.
Performing arts are composite art forms made through the collective participation of people who are responsible for a variety of roles with a multidimensional context. This study presents an analysis of the context to be expressed in the process of the arrangement and description of records of performing arts, with a focus on the relationship between performance work and performance planning, the relationship between performance planning and individual performance, the relationship between performance and people who participated in the performance, relationship between records and records, and the relationship between performance and records. With this, this study proposes a logical hierarchical structure that is required to express the context of the inner relationship of performing arts archives. It also suggests a model of sequential organization to describe the inner logic of the relationship between records and records.
본 연구에서는 기록관이 이용자들을 위하여 제공하고 있는 교육서비스 프로그램에 초점을 맞추어서, 선행연구 및 선진국의 사례들을 파악하고 정리하였다. 기록관의 교육서비스 프로그램은 첫째, 주로 초중등 학생과 교사들을 대상으로 수행되고 있었으며, 둘째, 현행 교과과정과 밀접한 연관이 있는 일차 사료 활용에 중점을 두고 있었다. 셋째, 교사 및 교육전문가, 보존기록전문가(archivists)들간의 구체적이고도 지속적인 협력관계가 병행되고 있었으며, 넷째, 직접적인 강의 형태 외의 책자자료 및 웹 기반 자료로도 다양하게 교육기능이 제공되고 있었다. 마지막으로 기록관의 교육프로그램 대상 주제 영역은 역사 영역 뿐만 아니라 사회과학 및 인문 예술영역도 대상으로 수행되고 있었다.
In this study, educational service programs of archives have been reviewed through articles and case studies. As a result, five main educational services of archives were found. First, educational services are provided to K-12 students and teachers. Secondly, most educational services have focused on application of primary resources connected to current educational courses. Thirdly, cooperations among teachers, education experts, and archivists have been proceeded. Fourth, besides the direct instructions, printed materials and web based educational contents were also provided for students. Fifthly, utilization of primary resources were applied not only to history area, but also many subject areas such as social science, arts and humanities.
본 연구는 도큐멘테이션 전략을 노근리사건 관련 기록의 평가, 선별 방법으로 삼고, Hackman와 Wornow-Blewett이 제시한 실행 모델에 근거하여 그 첫 단계인 예비 분석을 수행한다. 이를 위한 이론 연구로서 노근리사건의 개요를 연혁적으로 정리하고, 도큐멘테이션 전략의 특징을 ‘협력 수집’, ‘특정 영역의 수집’, ‘결락 기록의 생산’, ‘기록화 계획’, ‘자문조직’ 등 5가지로 규정한다. 또한 전략의 발전과정과 실행 모델을 논하고, 전략에 대한 비판과 의의를 분석한다. 이를 바탕으로 본 연구는 노근리사건 도큐멘테이션 전략 수립을 위한 예비 분석을 실시하여 노근리사건 초첨 그룹을 ‘생존 피해자 및 희생자 유가족’, ‘정부’, ‘시민사회’, ‘학술연구’, ‘언론’, ‘문화예술’ 등을 구분하는 한편, 도큐멘테이션 범주를 사건기록, 진상규명활동기록, 추모기록으로 분류한다.
The study reports a preliminary analysis for the No-Gun Ri massacre documentation strategy based on Hackman and Wornow-Blewett’s implementation model, as an appraisal and selection method for No-Gun Ri Digital Archives. It intends to review the theoretical background for this process, inlcuding a history of the No-Gun Ri massacre and the development of documentation strategy. From the theoretical analysis, this study identified the No Gun Ri documentation strategy processes in 5 categories: “cooperative collecting”, “collecting in specific areas”, “identifing missing areas” and “advisory group”. With these 5 categories, this study discusses the application of the Hackman and Wornow-Blewett’s implementation model in the No Gun Ri case and reviews the strategy’s pros and cons. As a result, firstly, we classfy focusing groups into “victims and bereaved family”, “government”, “civil society”, “the press” and “literature and art”. Secondly, we also classify documentation categories into “massacre records”, “investigation activity records” and “cherish memory”.
This study investigates the current preservation and management of four records and documentary heritage in Korea that is in the UNESCO's Memory of the World Register. The study analyzes their problems and corresponding solutions in digitizing those world records heritages. This study also reviews additional four documentary books in Korea that are in the wish list to add to UNESCO's Memory of the World Register. This study is organized as the following: Chapter 2 examines the value and meanings of world records and documentary heritage in Korea. The registry requirements and procedures of UNESCO's Memory of the World Register are examined. The currently registered records of Korea include Hunmin-Chongum, the Annals of the Choson Dynasty, the Diaries of the Royal Secretariat (Seungjeongwon Ilgi), and Buljo- Jikji-Simche-Yojeol (vol. Ⅱ). These records heritage's worth and significance are carefully analyzed. For example, Hunmin-Chongum(「訓民正音」) is consisted of unique and systematic letters. Letters were delicately explained with examples in its original manual at the time of letter's creation, which is an unparalleled case in the world documentary history. The Annals of the Choson Dynasty(「朝鮮王朝實錄」) are the most comprehensive historic documents that contain the longest period of time in history. Their truthfulness and reliability in describing history give credits to the annals. The Royal Secretariat Diary (called Seungjeongwon-Ilgi(「承政院日記」)) is the most voluminous primary resources in history, superior to the Annals of Choson Dynasty and Twenty Five Histories in China. Jikji(「直指」) is the oldest existing book published by movable metal print sets in the world. It evidences the beginning of metal printing in the world printing history and is worthy of being as world heritage. The review of the four registered records confirms that they are valuable world documentary heritage that transfers culture of mankind to next generations and should be preserved carefully and safely without deterioration or loss. Chapter 3 investigates the current status of preservation and management of three repositories that store the four registered records in Korea. The repositories include Kyujanggak Archives in Seoul National University, Pusan Records and Information Center of National Records and Archives Service, and Gansong Art Museum. The quality of their preservation and management are excellent in all of three institutions by the following aspects: 1) detailed security measures are close to perfection 2) archiving practices are very careful by using a special stack room in steady temperature and humidity and depositing it in stack or archival box made of paulownia tree and 3) fire prevention, lighting, and fumigation are thoroughly prepared. Chapter 4 summarizes the status quo of digitization projects of records heritage in Korea. The most important issue related to digitization and database construction on Korean records heritage is likely to set up the standardization of digitization processes and facilities. It is urgently necessary to develop comprehensive standard systems for digitization. Two institutions are closely interested in these tasks: 1) the National Records and Archives Service experienced in developing government records management systems; and 2) the Cultural Heritage Administration interested in digitization of Korean old documents. In collaboration of these two institutions, a new standard system will be designed for digitizing records heritage on Korean Studies. Chapter 5 deals with additional Korean records heritage in the wish list for UNESCO's Memory of the World Register, including: 1) Wooden Printing Blocks(經板) of Koryo-Taejangkyong(高麗大藏經) in Haein Temple(海印寺); 2) Dongui-Bogam(「東醫寶鑑」) 3) Samguk-Yusa(「三國遺事」) and 4) Mugujeonggwangdaedaranigyeong(「無垢淨光大다羅尼經」). Their world value and importance are examined as followings. Wooden Printing Blocks of Koryo-Taejangkyong in Haein Temple is the worldly oldest wooden printing block of cannon of Buddhism that still exist and was created over 750 years ago. It needs a special conservation treatment to disinfect germs residing in surface and inside of wooden plates. Otherwise, it may be damaged seriously. For its effective conservation and preservation, we hope that UNESCO and Government will schedule special care and budget and join the list of Memory of the Word Register. Dongui-Bogam is the most comprehensive and well-written medical book in the Korean history, summarizing all medical books in Korea and China from the Ancient Times through the early 17th century and concentrating on Korean herb medicine and prescriptions. It is proved as the best clinical guidebook in the 17th century for doctors and practitioners to easily use. The book was also published in China and Japan in the 18th century and greatly influenced the development of practical clinic and medical research in Asia at that time. This is why Dongui Bogam is in the wish list to register to the Memory of the World. Samguk-Yusa is evaluated as one of the most comprehensive history books and treasure sources in Korea, which illustrates foundations of Korean people and covers histories and cultures of ancient Korean peninsula and nearby countries. The book contains the oldest fixed form verse, called Hyang-Ka(鄕歌), and became the origin of Korean literature. In particular, the section of Gi-ee(紀異篇) describes the historical processes of dynasty transition from the first dynasty Gochosun(古朝鮮) to Goguryeo(高句麗) and illustrates the identity of Korean people from its historical origin. This book is worthy of adding to the Memory of the World Register. Mugujeonggwangdaedaranigyeong is the oldest book printed by wooden type plates, and it is estimated to print in between 706 and 751. It contains several reasons and evidence to be worthy of adding to the list of the Memory of the World. It is the greatest documentary heritage that represents the first wooden printing book that still exists in the world as well as illustrates the history of wooden printing in Korea.