현재 폐교 사립대학의 기록물은 기록물분류체계가 부재한 상태로 문서고에 단순 보관되어 있는 상태이다. 폐교대학 기록물은 차후 쟁송과정에서 법적⋅증거적 가치를 가진 주요기록물이 될 수 있다는 점에서 보다 체계적인 관리가 요구된다. 따라서 본 연구는 기록물분류체계 부재로 인해 발생할 수 있는 불필요한 후속작업을 제거하고, 폐교대학 기록물 관리를 위한 실질적인 도구로 폐교 사립대학 기록물의 분류체계를 개발하였다. 이를 위해 현재 폐교 사립대학의 기록물 전담기관으로 지정된 한국사학진흥재단에서 보관하고 있는 13개교의 이관기록물 중 유일한 종합대학인 서남대를 본 연구의 사례로 선정하여 업무기능분석을 실시하고, 이관기록물 목록과 폐교과정에 대한 특이사항을 검토하였다. 그리고 국가기록원과 교육부의 대학기록물 보존기간 책정기준 가이드 를 참고하여 폐교대학의 특수성을 반영한 폐교 사립대학 기록물분류기준표를 제안하였다.
Records at closed private universities are simply kept in stacks without the use of records classification systems. However, the systematic management of such records is needed as these are important records that have legal and evidential value during the litigation process. Therefore, this study intends to develop a classification system for recordkeeping at closed private universities aiming to eliminate unnecessary follow-up procedures that may occur because of the absence of a records classification system, and to develop practical tools for managing records at closed universities. To this end, Seonam University, among the 13 transfer records kept by the Korea Advancing Schools Foundation, was selected as the example for this study. The peculiarities of the closing processes and the catalogs of the transfer records were reviewed, and a business function analysis was conducted. Based on the Guidelines for Prescribing Retention Period of University Records by the National Archives and the Ministry of Education, a records classification system for the closed private universities was proposed for the Records Disposition Schedule to handle the uniqueness of closed universities.
최근 인구절벽의 위기 속에 학령인구가 지속적으로 감소하고, 대학의 입학충원율도 급감하면서 교육부는 향후 3년 내 국내 대학의 38개교가 폐교할 것이라는 예측을 하는 등 현재 한국의 대학은 폐교라는 위기에 직면하고 있다. 폐교대학에서 생산된 기록물에 대한 후속조치 및 관리에 대한 문제는 대학기록물 자체가 갖는 법적․행정적․역사적․정보적 가치를 고려할 때, 주요하게 논의되어야 할 사항 중에 하나이다. 그러므로 폐교대학 기록물 역시 적법한 절차에 따라 체계적으로 관리될 필요가 있는데, 현재 폐교대학 기록물 관리에 관한 실질적이고 뚜렷한 법제적 기준이 부재하고, (폐교)대학기록물이라는 특성 및 개별 학교의 현실과 특수성에 부합하는 관리기준은 부족한 실정이다. 이에 본 연구에서는 관리기준이 모호한 폐교대학 기록물 관리실태를 파악하고, 그 문제점을 분석하여 폐교대학 기록물 관리의 개선 방안으로 통합관리체계를 제시하였다.
The recent demographic cliff caused the schooling population to steadily decline and the number of college admissions to sharply drop, which led to the prediction of the Ministry of Education wherein 38 universities in Korea will be closed within the next 3 years. As such, the legal, administrative, historical, and informational values of university records shed light on the importance of the follow-up process and management of closed university records. Although closed university records need to be systematically managed according to legal procedures similar to other public records, there is no practical and clear legal standard for the management of such records at present. Moreover, management standards considering the characteristics of (closed) university records and individual universities’ situations and specificity have been insufficient. This study, therefore, examines the ambiguous standards for closed university records management and analyzed relevant problems. Furthermore, an integrated management system is suggested as a way to improve the records management of closed universities.
This study investigates the current preservation and management of four records and documentary heritage in Korea that is in the UNESCO's Memory of the World Register. The study analyzes their problems and corresponding solutions in digitizing those world records heritages. This study also reviews additional four documentary books in Korea that are in the wish list to add to UNESCO's Memory of the World Register. This study is organized as the following: Chapter 2 examines the value and meanings of world records and documentary heritage in Korea. The registry requirements and procedures of UNESCO's Memory of the World Register are examined. The currently registered records of Korea include Hunmin-Chongum, the Annals of the Choson Dynasty, the Diaries of the Royal Secretariat (Seungjeongwon Ilgi), and Buljo- Jikji-Simche-Yojeol (vol. Ⅱ). These records heritage's worth and significance are carefully analyzed. For example, Hunmin-Chongum(「訓民正音」) is consisted of unique and systematic letters. Letters were delicately explained with examples in its original manual at the time of letter's creation, which is an unparalleled case in the world documentary history. The Annals of the Choson Dynasty(「朝鮮王朝實錄」) are the most comprehensive historic documents that contain the longest period of time in history. Their truthfulness and reliability in describing history give credits to the annals. The Royal Secretariat Diary (called Seungjeongwon-Ilgi(「承政院日記」)) is the most voluminous primary resources in history, superior to the Annals of Choson Dynasty and Twenty Five Histories in China. Jikji(「直指」) is the oldest existing book published by movable metal print sets in the world. It evidences the beginning of metal printing in the world printing history and is worthy of being as world heritage. The review of the four registered records confirms that they are valuable world documentary heritage that transfers culture of mankind to next generations and should be preserved carefully and safely without deterioration or loss. Chapter 3 investigates the current status of preservation and management of three repositories that store the four registered records in Korea. The repositories include Kyujanggak Archives in Seoul National University, Pusan Records and Information Center of National Records and Archives Service, and Gansong Art Museum. The quality of their preservation and management are excellent in all of three institutions by the following aspects: 1) detailed security measures are close to perfection 2) archiving practices are very careful by using a special stack room in steady temperature and humidity and depositing it in stack or archival box made of paulownia tree and 3) fire prevention, lighting, and fumigation are thoroughly prepared. Chapter 4 summarizes the status quo of digitization projects of records heritage in Korea. The most important issue related to digitization and database construction on Korean records heritage is likely to set up the standardization of digitization processes and facilities. It is urgently necessary to develop comprehensive standard systems for digitization. Two institutions are closely interested in these tasks: 1) the National Records and Archives Service experienced in developing government records management systems; and 2) the Cultural Heritage Administration interested in digitization of Korean old documents. In collaboration of these two institutions, a new standard system will be designed for digitizing records heritage on Korean Studies. Chapter 5 deals with additional Korean records heritage in the wish list for UNESCO's Memory of the World Register, including: 1) Wooden Printing Blocks(經板) of Koryo-Taejangkyong(高麗大藏經) in Haein Temple(海印寺); 2) Dongui-Bogam(「東醫寶鑑」) 3) Samguk-Yusa(「三國遺事」) and 4) Mugujeonggwangdaedaranigyeong(「無垢淨光大다羅尼經」). Their world value and importance are examined as followings. Wooden Printing Blocks of Koryo-Taejangkyong in Haein Temple is the worldly oldest wooden printing block of cannon of Buddhism that still exist and was created over 750 years ago. It needs a special conservation treatment to disinfect germs residing in surface and inside of wooden plates. Otherwise, it may be damaged seriously. For its effective conservation and preservation, we hope that UNESCO and Government will schedule special care and budget and join the list of Memory of the Word Register. Dongui-Bogam is the most comprehensive and well-written medical book in the Korean history, summarizing all medical books in Korea and China from the Ancient Times through the early 17th century and concentrating on Korean herb medicine and prescriptions. It is proved as the best clinical guidebook in the 17th century for doctors and practitioners to easily use. The book was also published in China and Japan in the 18th century and greatly influenced the development of practical clinic and medical research in Asia at that time. This is why Dongui Bogam is in the wish list to register to the Memory of the World. Samguk-Yusa is evaluated as one of the most comprehensive history books and treasure sources in Korea, which illustrates foundations of Korean people and covers histories and cultures of ancient Korean peninsula and nearby countries. The book contains the oldest fixed form verse, called Hyang-Ka(鄕歌), and became the origin of Korean literature. In particular, the section of Gi-ee(紀異篇) describes the historical processes of dynasty transition from the first dynasty Gochosun(古朝鮮) to Goguryeo(高句麗) and illustrates the identity of Korean people from its historical origin. This book is worthy of adding to the Memory of the World Register. Mugujeonggwangdaedaranigyeong is the oldest book printed by wooden type plates, and it is estimated to print in between 706 and 751. It contains several reasons and evidence to be worthy of adding to the list of the Memory of the World. It is the greatest documentary heritage that represents the first wooden printing book that still exists in the world as well as illustrates the history of wooden printing in Korea.